Types & Causes of Infertility
Infertility is a medical condition that affects both men and women, and is characterized by the inability to conceive after at least one year of trying. While it is often thought of as a woman's problem, infertility affects men and women almost equally, with about 30% of infertility cases attributed to male factors, 30% to female factors, and 30% to a combination of both male and female factors. The remaining 10% of cases are unexplained.
Types of Infertility
Primary infertility is defined as the inability to conceive a child after one year of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse for couples who have never conceived before. It affects about 10% of couples.
Secondary infertility refers to the inability to conceive a child after one year of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse for couples who have previously conceived. Secondary infertility affects about 8% of couples.
Female infertility refers to the inability of a woman to conceive a child due to various medical or physiological factors. Common causes of female infertility include ovulation disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, fallopian tube blockage, and age-related factors.
Male infertility refers to the inability of a man to contribute to conception due to low sperm count, poor sperm motility, or abnormal sperm morphology. Other causes of male infertility include hormonal imbalances, testicular trauma, and genetic disorders.
Unexplained infertility is a diagnosis given to couples who have undergone extensive fertility testing but have no identifiable cause for their infertility. It affects about 15% of couples.
Environmental factors such as exposure to toxins, radiation, and certain chemicals can also contribute to infertility. These factors can affect both male and female fertility.
Lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol consumption, obesity, and stress can also affect fertility. These factors can affect both male and female fertility and can be addressed through lifestyle modifications.
Infertility is a complex medical condition that can be caused by a wide range of factors. Understanding the different types of infertility can help couples and healthcare providers identify the underlying cause and develop a personalized treatment plan.
Most Common Causes of Infertility
Female Factors: Female infertility can be caused by a variety of factors including:
- Ovulation disorders: Ovulation disorders are the most common cause of female infertility, and can include conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), hypothalamic dysfunction, and premature ovarian failure.
- Blocked fallopian tubes: Blockages in the fallopian tubes can prevent the sperm from reaching the egg, or prevent the fertilized egg from reaching the uterus.
- Endometriosis: Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of it, which can cause inflammation, scarring, and damage to the reproductive organs.
- Age: As women age, their fertility declines, with the most significant decline occurring after the age of 35.
Male Factors: Male infertility can be caused by a variety of factors including:
- Low sperm count: Low sperm count is the most common cause of male infertility, and can be caused by a variety of factors including genetic abnormalities, hormonal imbalances, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and drug use.
- Abnormal sperm: Abnormal sperm, such as sperm with poor motility or abnormal morphology, can make it difficult for the sperm to reach and fertilize the egg.
- Erectile dysfunction: Erectile dysfunction can make it difficult for men to achieve or maintain an erection, which can make it difficult for them to conceive.
- Age: As men age, their fertility declines, with the most significant decline occurring after the age of 40.
- Lifestyle Factors: Lifestyle factors can also play a role in infertility, and can include.
- Obesity: Obesity can disrupt hormone levels, which can affect fertility in both men and women.
- Smoking: Smoking can damage the reproductive organs, reduce sperm count and motility, and increase the risk of erectile dysfunction.
- Alcohol and drug use: Alcohol and drug use can also damage the reproductive organs, reduce sperm count and motility, and increase the risk of erectile dysfunction.
- Stress: Chronic stress can disrupt hormone levels, which can affect fertility in both men and women.
Looking for the Best Infertility Clinic in Navi Mumbai?
Matoshree Hospital is a leading infertility clinic in Navi Mumbai, known for its exceptional care and treatment for couples struggling with infertility. The hospital has a team of highly skilled and experienced infertility specialists who use the latest medical technologies and procedures to help couples conceive.
The hospital offers a wide range of infertility treatments, including in-vitro fertilization (IVF), intrauterine insemination (IUI), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), egg donation, sperm donation, and surrogacy. The hospital also provides pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) and fertility preservation services.
Matoshree Hospital has state-of-the-art facilities, including a fully equipped embryology lab, a well-appointed operation theatre, and private consultation rooms. The hospital has a patient-centric approach and provides personalized care to each patient, ensuring that they receive the best possible treatment.